Black Hawthorn


Secwepemc name: berries: stmuqw, OR ste7múqw; bush: stmuqwállp, or staqwéllp

Black Hawthorn or Thornberry

Hawthorn wood is very strong; therefore, it was important in making digging sticks. Mary said that the point of the digging stick was also burned slightly, to make it even stronger and resistant to breakage.

The berries were eaten like ‘fruit leather’; the berries were pressed until the pulp and juices were pressed out and dried.

Grows well in moist areas; low to mid elevations – along rivers, wetlands and in open, deciduous forests.  Does not grow in dry, cold climates.

Scattered throughout the forest along the interpretive trail and in the cottonwood grove down at the Salmon River delta.  Some of these trees appear very old at this site